Scientists Working To Eradicate Malaria Must Focus Humans’ Night Behavior

Latest findings from the Johns Hopkins Center for Communication Programs (CCP) highlighted that scientists should not just aim at mosquitos’ behavior when working to eradicate malaria. In fact, they must as well consider the human behavior at night. Reportedly, the danger of infected mosquito bite is highest in the night.

This CCP-led evaluation article can be accessed in the journal Malaria Journal. It finds that there is a considerable study into numerous aspects. It includes when malaria mosquitoes bite, which species are most likely to spread disease, and when they are most active. But, there are very modest people who think the other side of the equation: humans.

April Monroe, MSPH, Senior Program Officer, CCP, Head of this research, proclaimed that the most ignored piece has actually been the human behavior. She added that there has been a large focus on the mosquito behavior. However, one has to observe mosquitoes and humans together to actually understand what is going on and how to minimize malaria risk.

On a similar note, a research team from LSTM with teammates in Denmark and Malawi has offered, for the foremost time, confirmation. This study connects the capability of red blood cells (RBCs) contaminated with the malaria parasite to connect to the cells. These cells coat the blood vessels of the brain, with the clinical condition cerebral malaria. Cerebral malaria is a life-ominous issue of Plasmodium falciparum parasite infection. It is characterized by the parasite-infected RBCs building up in the brain. It is found in about 1–2% of more than 200 Million known malaria cases.

The latest paper is recently published by Dr. Janet Storm, first author of the study, in the journal EMBO Molecular Medicine. She proclaimed that very slight is known about why this severe complication happens only in some kids. But, it is known that infected RBCs, with a protein, P. falciparum erythrocyte membrane protein 1, on its surface attach to host cells coating the blood vessels in numerous organs, including the brain.

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